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Vol VI, No. 28 

Drawn for The Suffragist by Nina LI. Allendrr 

Supporting the President 

Women Come to Washington to Demand Democracy at Home 


The Suffragist 

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August 3, 1918 

Notes of the Week 


A Belated Presidential Proclamation 

YEAR after the President allowed women 
standing in front of the White House ask¬ 
ing for liberty to be mobbed by crowds 
composed almost exclusively of government em¬ 
ployees, he issues a proclamation condemning all 
forms of mob violence. He compares the use of 
mob tactics against peaceful citizens, to German 
activities that “have made this war hideous.” 
The White House pickets were amazed when the 
President tolerated mob attacks at his very door. 
They were astonished that he did not intervene 
at the time with a statement like the one made in 
July, 1918. The President has clearly fixed 
where disloyalty in mob attacks lies, and he has 
not fixed it on the pickets. 

“I state plainly,” he says, “that every American 
who takes part in the action of a mob or gives it 
any sort of countenance is no true son of this 
great democracy, but its destroyer; and does more 
to discredit her by that single disloyalty to her 
standards of law and right than the words of her 
statesmen or the sacrifices of her heroic boys in 
the trenches can do to make suffering peoples be¬ 
lieve us to be their savior. How shall we com¬ 
mend democracy to the acceptance of other peo¬ 
ples, if we disgrace our own by proving that it is, 
after all, no protection to the weak?” 

With the women still outside the pale of citi¬ 
zenship, he has the courage to continue, 

“We proudly claim to be the champions of 
democracy. If we really are, in deed and in 
truth, let us see to it that we do not discredit our 

New York Democrats Follow Republi¬ 
cans Endorsing National Suffrage 

T HE unofficial state Democratic convention of 
New York, held just after the Republican 
convention, passed an even stronger federal 
suffrage resolution than the Republicans had 
done; “demanding” that the New York Senators 
vote for the suffrage amendment. 

Their platform contains a special greeting to 
the new women voters: 

“We welcome the women voters to the elector¬ 
ate, and we confidently invite them to join the 
Democratic Party upon its record. We believe 
in equal suffrage, without regard to sex, and we 
recognize that the present juncture, when our na¬ 
tion is engaged in a great war for equal rights 
and individual freedom, is a time peculiarly ap¬ 
propriate for its adoption by the people of the 
United States. 

“We, therefore, urge the immediate adoption by 
the United States Senate of the concurrent reso¬ 
lution, amending the Constitution so as to confer 
the right of suffrage upon women. We demand 
that the United States Senators from New York 
represent their constituents by voting for the 
proposed suffrage amendment.” 

By demanding that Wadsworth vote for suf¬ 
frage in the Senate, the Democratic convention 
made his position a very extraordinary one. 
Every known party in New York—Republican, 
Democratic, Socialist, Prohibition, National—has 
now endorsed the federal suffrage amendment. 
That leaves the Senator without a single enrolled 
voter in the State to represent, if he does not vote 
for national woman suffrage. 

However, the Democrats must do more than 
urge the adoption of the suffrage amendment, if 
they expect to enroll many women voters in their 
ranks. Women of self-respect will certainly not 
join a party responsible for blocking their na¬ 
tional enfranchisement. 

Iowa Parties Favor Amendment 

EMOCRATIC and Republican state conven¬ 
tions in Iowa have gone on record as fa¬ 
voring the federal suffrage amendment. 
Senator Cummins made a strong speech in favor 
of the resolution at the Republican convention. 

Texas Women in Primaries 

EX AS women have just voted for the first 
time in the primaries. It is estimated that 
they cast 320,000 out of 700,000 votes. Be¬ 
fore the election it was generally admitted that 
the women would be the determining factor in 
the election. The opposition to the candidacy of 
former Governor Ferguson, who was impeached 
while in office and removed, was much strength¬ 
ened by the opposition of the women to him. 
He has now been defeated with the help of their 

The present governor, Mr. Hobby, emphasized 
in his campaign his stand in favor of suffrage. 
He made a declaration that if elected he would 
work for the submission of'a state constitutional 
amendment giving complete franchise rights to 
women. V> hile he did not state by w'hat method 
it should be won he favored full suffrage for all 
women. He has now secured the nomination. 

The people of Texas turning to their half en¬ 
franchised women to save them from a hated and 
feared gubernatorial candidate create a novel sit¬ 
uation. The men of this state cannot in the face 
of these facts fail to make every effort to secure 
full suffrage for all the women of the country. 

Women Discover Graft 

ECAUSE a woman motor corps messenger 
was suspicious when a contractor furnish¬ 
ing rain coats for the army asked her to 
notify him beforehand when inspection of pur¬ 
chases by the quartermaster’s department would 
be made, a most astonishing exposure of graft 
has been brought to light. Apparently many men 
officials failed to notice anything extraordinary in 
the proceedings of the contractors furnishing this 

article for the army at an expense of several mil¬ 
lions of dollars, but the women noticed the sus¬ 
picious features of the transactions and reported 
them at once. 

Can it be possible that these women can do a 
job some times just as well as a man or even a 
little better? 

In spite of all proofs to the contrary, the Sen¬ 
ate is still treating women as political incompe¬ 

North Dakota Turned Over to Women 

F ARM labor shortage in North Dakota will re¬ 
sult in a most original experiment. The wo¬ 
men of the state are to fill all state positions 
for two weeks to release the men holding these 
offices for work on gathering the harvest. The 
men made this suggestion and the women agreed 
to it. No anxiety seems to be felt that the state 
will suffer in any way by being turned over to 
women for a while. Another state is calling upon 
half enfranchised women to fulfill all the duties 
of citizens. These men too might well insist 
upon the passage by the Senate now of the suf¬ 
frage amendment. 

A Newspaper Suffrage Petition 

T HE Hearst newspapers are circulating a suf¬ 
frage petition throughout the country. This 
movement has been started only a short time, 
and already 700,000 names have been secured. 
60,000 names were signed in one day. This is the 
first time that a movement of this sort has been 
started without the direct efforts of women 

Suffrage Demonstration in Boston 

A GREAT out-door demonstration arranged 
by the Boston American was held on the 
Boston Common at noon on July 13. Res¬ 
olutions demanding the immediate passage of the 
suffrage amendment were passed here by the im¬ 
mense throng gathered about the speakers’ stands. 

Women Protest at Defeat in Sweden 

T HE suffrage bill in Sweden has been defeated 
by the upper house of parliament—the First 
Chamber. The vote was 32 to 62. In the 
lower house it was passed by a large majority, 
the vote being 120 to 49. The Minister of Justice 
and the Prime Minister both gave their support 
to the measure. 

The indignation of the women was expressed 
on the day after the defeat at a large open air 
demonstration in Stockholm. The women wall 
work now to reduce the Conservative majority in 
the First Chamber. This Chamber is elected by 
the provincial and town councils, for both of 
which the women can vote. 


The Suffragist 


Proposing an amendment to the Constitution of 
the United States extending the right of suffrage to 

Resolved by the Senate and House of Representa¬ 
tives of the United States of America in Congress 
assembled (two-thirds of each House concurring 
therein). That the following article be proposed to 
the legislatures of the several States as an amend¬ 
ment to the Constitution of the United States, which 
when ratified by three-fourths of the said legisla¬ 
tures, shall be valid as part of said Constitution, 

“ARTICLE—SEC. 1. The right of citizens of the 
United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged 
by the United States or by any State on account of 

“SEC. 2. Congress shall have power, by appro¬ 
priate legislation, to enforce the provisions of this 


Miss Vivian Pierce 

Associate Editors 

Miss Lavinia Dock Mrs. Gilson Gardner Miss Pauline Jacobson 

Cartoonist, Mrs. Nina E. Allender 



In the Senate, on April 4, 1917, by Senators 
Thompson, Owen, Jones and Shafroth. 

In the House, on April 2, 1917, by Representa¬ 
tives Raker, Rankin, Mondell, Keating, Taylor 
and Hayden. Reintroduced in the House De¬ 
cember 18, 1917, by Representatives Rankin, 
Raker, Hayden, Taylor, Keating and Mondell. 


In the Senate, to the Committee on Woman 

In the House, to the Judiciary Committee. 

In the House all resolutions reintroduced on De¬ 
cember 18 were referred to the Committee on 
Woman Suffrage. 

Reported in the Senate 

Favorably, September 15, 1917. 

Reported in the House 

By Judiciary Committee without recommenda¬ 
tion December 15, 1917. 

By Suffrage Committee with recommendation 
January 8, 1918. 

Present Status 
In the Senate 

On the calendar awaiting a vote. 

In the House 

Passed January 10, 1918. 

-——-———- - -—--—- 



In its present form, by Susan B. Anthony in 

First Introduced 

January 10, 1878, by Hon. A. A. Sargent, in 
the Senate. 

Reported from Committee 
In the Senate 

1878, Adverse majority. 

1879, Favorable minority. 

1882, Favorable majority, adverse minority. 

1884, Favorable majority, adverse minority. 

1886, Favorable majority. 

1890, Favorable majority. 

1892, Favorable majority, adverse minority. 

1896, Adverse majority. 

1913, Favorable majority. 

1914, Favorable majority. 

1917, Favorable majority. 

In the House 

1883, Favorable majority. 

1884, Adverse majority, favorable minority 
1886, Favorable minority. 

1890, Favorable majority. 

1894, Adverse majority. 

1914, Without recommendation. 

1916, Without recommendation. 

1917, Without recommendation. 

Doted Upon 

In the Senate 

January 25, 1887. Yeas 16, nays 34. Absent 26 
(of whom 4 were announced as for and 2 

March 19, 1914. Yeas 35, nays 34, failing by 11 
of the necessary two-thirds vote. 

In the House 

January 12, 1915. Yeas 174, nays 204, failing 
by 78 of the necessary two-thirds vote. 

January 10, 1918. Yeas 274, nays 136, passing by 
the necessary two-thirds vote. 

Business Department 

Business, Miss Betty Gram Mailing, Miss Dorothy Bready 

Circulation, Miss Therese Olzendam 

Subscriptions: Domestic, $1.00; Foreign, $1.50. Single copies 5 cent*. Make checks, drafts, and post - 
office orders payable to The Treasurer of the National Woman’s Party 

Columbian Printing Company, Inc., Washington, D. C. 

Entered as second-class matter, Nov. 14, 1913, at the Postoffice 
at Washington, D. C., under act of March 3, 1879 

Lafayette and Rochambeau 

» y|EMORIALS of these two heroic Frenchmen, who put their unselfish ideal- 
^ism, their distinguished rank, and their impetuous courage at the service of 
our struggling little country, with its towering ambition to become a strong 
and just republic, stand now facing the White House, the old home of their great 
colleague and commander, the first President of the United States. 

Strange scenes and strange administrations their quiet eyes have looked upon 
in the history of the republic they helped to create! 

The women, who for long months of the past year stood with their golden 
suffrage banners before the gates of the White House, silently appealing for the 
right of self-government, thought often, as they looked across at the soldierly 
bronze figures facing them, what these pure-hearted lovers of liberty would have 
thought of the refusal of America to deal generously with the liberties of its own 

Lafayette defied his King and his government to put his sword at the service 
of the young republic which would, as he dreamed, be the hope of the world. 
Rochambeau was commissioned by France, today our ally in the world struggle 
“for democracy,” to lead t'-ained French battalions to the aid of the hard-pressed 
American colonies, battling for independence 

Women, who need the weapon of democracy to help win a war for democ¬ 
racy, will come into living contact with the best traditions of their country’s past, 
and its highest aims today, when they assemble around the statues of Lafayette 
and Rochambeau to ask for the thing these men fought for—freedom in the 
United States. 


August 3, 1918 

Suffrage Demonstration Before White House Planned 

Women Protest at Recess of Senate Without Action on Suffrage: Call Upon President 

to Demand Passage of Amendment 

» GREAT national protest against the refusal 
of the Administration to hold the Senate 
in session for the purpose of enfranchising 
American women, will be held at two great meet¬ 
ings on August 6 at half past four o’clock, di¬ 
rectly opposite the White House. 

This action at Washington will be the culmi¬ 
nation of similar protest meetings held all over 
the United States. Women are tired of meet¬ 
ings, letters and telegrams of protest; they are 
coming now themselves from every state in the 
Union to gather before the White House as a 
visible expression of their discontent with the 
Democratic Administration, which has so iong 
blocked action on the suffrage amendment. 

The meetings will be held from the base of the 
statues of Lafayette and Rochambeau, whicii 
stand at the corners of Lafayette Square, facing 
the White House. Both statues are of soldiers 
of France who helped us win freedom in the war 
of the Revolution. Banners of purple, white and 
gold will encircle the statues and line the park be¬ 
tween the two meetings. 

M ISS Julia Emory, who has the arrangements 
for the protest demonstration in charge, 
says: “it is imperative that women make 
audible at this time their demand for immediate 
action on the suffrage amendment. 

“The session is drawing to an end. Since May 
10, only three votes have been needed for the pas¬ 
sage of the amendment. Since June 27, only two 
votes have been needed. Administrative powei 
could have won these votes, as it has lor every 
other government measure, if any sincere eftoit 
to win them had been made. But the President 
has done nothing effective to insure victory for 
the suffrage amendment. He has written to the 
Louisiana legislature about suffrage; he has told 
the women of the allied nations that he deeply be¬ 
lieved in woman suffrage; but he has never told 
the Senate to establish woman suffrage. 

“When Congress was anxious to recess in July, 
President Wilson refused to allow them to go till 
they passed a bill they did not want to pass a 
bill giving the President power to take over the 
business of the telegraph and telephone compa¬ 
nies, for the duration of the war. 

“They passed it and dispersed—to take a vaca¬ 
tion or to mend fences at home. They agreed to 
do nothing for a month, while women, urged to 
lose not a moment and to spare nothing in their 
work for the nation, wait for enfranchisement. 

“Women are accustomed to be told that the 
suffrage amendment must be taken up after im¬ 
portant measures” are disposed of. They know 

Elsie Hill 

One of the Speakers at the Protest Demonstra¬ 
tion on August 6 

that politicians regard their freedom as of insig¬ 
nificant importance, though the freedom of Bel¬ 
gium, or Serbia, or Ireland is worth sacrificing 
millions of young lives for. But now women see 
the President, “enthusiastic" for suffrage as he 
says he is, permitting Congress to do nothing at 
all in preference to acting on suffrage, without 
even a reminder to them that they ought to have 
enfranchised women, or that they ought on their 
return to set about doing it. 

“After Congress returns there will be little left 
of the present session; and many important ap¬ 
propriation bills to consider. Suffrage will have 
to be acted on at once; and it will not be acted 
on unless women demand it now, in no uncertain 

M ISS Maud Younger, chairman of the lobby 
committee of the National Woman’s Party, 

“We must ask the President for help now. 
When we began to work with the Senate, imme¬ 
diately after January 10, we lacked ten votes. 
Four of these have been won by pressure from 
the constituencies, four by the influence of the 
Republican party organization. The President 
must win the other two. 

“Up to date, the President, who has such 
mighty influence with Congress, has not won a 
single vote in the Senate for suffrage. 

“Women have now done all they can. They 
find themselves still blocked in the Senate, and by 
the President’s own party. 

“The Republicans are ready to vote on the 
suffrage amendment, with more than the neces¬ 
sary two-thirds of their membership pledged to 
support it. The Democrats have little more tnan 
half of their membership pledged. The failure 
to secure the support we need rests with the Dem¬ 

“It is unfair that the President should proclaim 
to Europe his fealty to suffrage while he allows 
without a word of public protest his own party 
to block it in Congress.” 

M ISS Elsie Hill and Miss Lavinia Dock will 
speak at next Tuesday’s demonstration. 
Some of those who will carry banners are: 
Miss Hazel Hunkins, of Montana; Miss Julia 
Emory, of Maryland; Miss Joy Webster, of Ne¬ 
braska; Miss Katharine Fisher, of New York; 
Miss Pauline Clarke, of New York; Miss Maude 
Jamison, of Virginia; Dr. F. I. Fowler, of New 
York; Mrs. Kate Boeckh, of New York; Miss 
Isabel M. Reed, of Virginia; Mrs. Elinor Cox, of 
New York; Miss Eunice Huff, of Iowa; Miss 
Therese Olzendam, of Vermont; Mrs. Annie 
Lowry, of Washington, D. C.; Miss Cora A. 
Week, of New York; and Mrs. Ethel C. Lewis, 
of California. 

P ROTESTS against Administration half¬ 

heartedness in dealing with the suffrage 
question have been growing sharper and 
more frequent as the session dragged on without 
action on the amendment. 

Hartford women made a spectacular and ef¬ 
fective protest demonstration on July 12 in front 
of the old state house. Before the meeting, 
twenty automobiles with purple, white and gold 
banners flying, and headed by a band, drove in 
procession from the South Green through the 
main streets of Hartford. Mrs. W. D. Ascough, 
Mrs. Toscan Bennett, Miss Elsie Hill, and Mr. 
Abraham Borden, officially representing the 
Mayor of Hartford, urged prompt federal action 
on woman suffrage. Resolutions were passed 
calling on President Wilson to go before Con¬ 
gress in behalf of the suffrage amendment. 

After the meeting the automobiles went to 
Simsbury, the “home town” of Senator McLean 
of Connecticut, where a second meeting was 
held on the piazza of Mrs. Charles Boughton 
Wood’s beautiful house. Mrs. Ascough, Mrs. 
Bennett, and the Rev. C. P. Croft, of Weatogue, 
who had many years ago arranged a meeting at 
Simsbury for Elizabeth Cady Stanton, spoke on 
the necessity for the President’s personal effort 
in behalf of the bill. Resolutions were unani¬ 
mously passed declaring that the responsibility 
for the success or failure of the suffrage amend¬ 
ment rested on President Wilson’s shoulders. 


The Suffragis 

Politics, War, Morale, and the United States Senate 

By W. H. Crichton Clarke 

T HE issue between the Central Empires and 
the Allies is capable of reduction to simple 
terms, but such terms must be more con¬ 
crete than the indefinite words “autocracy” and 

Fighting vigorously under the banners of de¬ 
mocracy are many elements which are antagonis¬ 
tic to all the implications of democracy. We 
hear many complaints about the “looseness” and 
''inefficiency” of democracy when compared with 
the singleness and efficiency of autocracy. We 
hear about the necessity for “co-ordination,” not 
only in the administration of the war, but even 
more so in the morale of the allied peoples. In 
short we hear that we must be a unit not merely 
in our material efforts but in our spiritual ideals. 
Strange to say these preachments come strong¬ 
est from those journals and political elements 
which are most antagonistic to the real ideals of 

It is a grave question whether it is ever 
possible to coordinate discordant elements, at 
least in a spiritual sense; to mix into a homo¬ 
geneous mass autocrats and democrats, conserva¬ 
tives and liberals—political oil and water. Such 
elements may be able for the time being to sub¬ 
merge their principles and combine their mate¬ 
rial efforts, but a time is almost certain to be 
reached when the want of spiritual unity almost 
completely neutralizes the material partnership. 

So far, the efforts of the allies have been a 
compound of autocracy and democracy—of con¬ 
servatism and liberalism—fighting as partners 
against a common danger under a rough compro¬ 
mise which dictated that the liberal principles 
should dominate in the foreign field and the con¬ 
servative principles in the domestic. How long 
this strange partnership and stranger equilibrium 
of antagonistic forces exerting their energy 
against other and equally mixed forces can be 
preserved, is a question for the future to answer. 

In order to reduce our terms to concreteness 
and to provide unquestioned standards by which 
to determine whether the various men, organiza¬ 
tions and movements making up the material and 
spiritual strength of the Allied cause belong in 
the ranks of autocrats or democrats, let us en¬ 
deavor to define the issues between the Central 
Empires and the Allies as clearly and as simply 
as can be done without disagreement. 

The German cause rests on the assumption that 
the normally developed and mature races of the 
world are and should be divided into two groups, 
the rulers and the ruled, the commanders and the 

The Allied assumption is that such normally 
developed and mature races all fall in a single 
class of self-governing people. 

These are the two ideals which have emerged 
as the irreconcilable motives or continuing forces 
of the world war. 

Now is there any question that there are forces 
fighting on the allied side and giving lip service 

to the ideal of self-government while using the 
war as a means or excuse for holding back that 
ideal—at least at home, if not abroad? And does 
not the other half of this strange partnership con¬ 
sist of forces of democracy whose patriotism is 
strong enough to enable them to fight for democ¬ 
racy in foreign lands in conjunction with anti¬ 
democrats whose services they are able to enlist 
in the common cause only at the price of sus¬ 
pending all efforts for democracy at home, at least 
during the continuance of the war? 

T HE evolution of government is divisible into 
three roughly defined stages. The first is 
the stage in which the government, made up of 
the ruling classes, is stronger than the people. 
The second stage is one in which the government 
and the people are approximately equal in power. 
The third stage of evolution is that in which the 
people have definitely subjected the government 
to their will. 

The first stage of evolution represents the Ger¬ 
man ideal of separating people into the groups of 
governors and governed. The second stage is 
one of struggle and unstable equilibrium tending 
either to relapse into the first stage, or to pro¬ 
gress into the third stage, which represents the 
Allied ideal. 

During the struggle stage, the governing classes 
always employ either foreign wars or domestic 
revolutions as excuses for delay. 

In short, whenever the people, during the sec 
ond stage of evolution, are about to secure the 
upper hand and enact reforms, the government as 
a last resort will, if possible, precipitate a for¬ 
eign war as a means of postponing reforms. In 
case the demands of the people have worked up 
to the point of domestic revolution, the govern¬ 
ment will promise reforms and then violate its 
promises as soon as the crisis has subsided. 

A f the outbreak of the world war, the Eng¬ 
lish Government was in the third stage of 
evolution so far as its own people was con¬ 
cerned, and in the second stage, in so far as the 
Irish people were concerned. The competition 
between the English Government and the Irish 
people had resulted in a Home Rule bill which 
was about to go into effect. But at the outbreak 
of hostilities the anti-home rulers—the advocates 
of the ideal of dividing people into groups of 
rulers and ruled—succeeded in postponing home 
rule in Ireland for the term of the war. They 
said to the liberals in effect, “We will fight with 
you for democracy abroad, if you will fight with 
us against democracy at home.” And the unnat¬ 
ural compact was made, following the ancient 
idea that when war starts, politics must cease—as 
though war itself were not politics at white heat. 
The mistake of the English in endeavoring to 
hold up democracy with bayonets abroad and to 
hold it down with bayonets at home was not fully 
apparent until it became necessary to draw on 

Irish man power by conscription. It is safe to 
say that the English with all their inflexibility of 
mind are able to see the connection between con¬ 
scription and votes, and will not resort to one 
without granting the other. 

In short, the English are preparing to conform 
their conduct to their ideals and to strive for 
democracy at home as well as abroad. In the 
case of Ireland they are preparing to renounce 
the ancient error that a nation’s politics abroad 
can represent progress and democracy only by- 
having its politics at home represent stagnation, 
reaction and autocracy. The English quickly re¬ 
nounced this error in the case of the women who 
were enfranchised during war, and now they are 
logically preparing to follow the same course 
with Ireland. 

I N the United States, so far, we are not quite 
so fortunate. We are still endeavoring to 
preserve or resuscitate democracy abroad 
while strangling it at home. We still have the 
spectacle of an Elihu Root and a United States 
Senate fighting with liberals in foreign lands for 
human rights, providing the same liberals will 
stand aloof while the conservatives endeavor to 
chloroform or retard human rights at home. 

Elihu Root and the Senate say that as between 
normal adults of equal independence, intelligence 
and education, the vote is still a privilege owned 
by some and to be conferred by them, or not as 
they please, on others. They really support, in 
theory, the doctrine that the world shall be di¬ 
vided into the groups of men who rule by pos¬ 
sessing the vote and women who are ruled by not 
possessing it 

W OMAN suffrage has evolved through two 
stages. The first was the stage in which 
women neither had nor wanted, or at least 
were indifferent to, the vote. The second stage is 
one in which all women both need and demand 
the vote as a right arising from the ne¬ 
cessities of their lives and from their status 
as intelligent and independent adults. Now 
that those women who need the vote are demand¬ 
ing it, any man or woman who tries to delay or 
defeat their inalienable rights is subscribing to 
the Prussian formula of separating the world into 
the groups of those normal adults who govern 
either by swords or votes, and those who have 
neither swords nor votes and are ruled or held in 
subjection. It is such anti-democrats fighting on 
the side of the Allies for foreign democracy as a 
means of defeating or postponing domestic de¬ 
mocracy who are responsible for any lack of 
spiritual coordination which exists in the Allied 

HEN will the United States Senate learn 
that the spiritual unity which can only be 
secured by renouncing the German ideal 
of subject races and sexes and conferring the vote 
on women, is just as essential in winning this war 
as is partnership in material efforts? 

August 3, 1918 


National Suffrage a Burning Issue 

in Colorado 

HE damaging suffrage record of the national 
X Democratic Party is thoroughly appreciated 
in the equal suffrage state of Colorado, and 
is certain to play an important part in the Senato¬ 
rial elections, which will be hotly contested. 

The vote on the suffrage amendment in the 
House of Representatives last January, when the 
Democrats would have badly defeated the amend¬ 
ment but for the overwhelming support supplied 
by Republican members, showed the men and 
women of Colorado very clearly how the Demo¬ 
cratic Party as a group stands on measures af¬ 
fecting the national welfare of women. 

Colorado Republicans are losing no opportunity 
to condemn the reactionary attitude of the Demo¬ 
crats toward women; and are passing fighting 
resolutions in support of the suffrage amendment 
at every party gathering. 

The Denver Post, Democratic, is carrying on 
an intensive petition campaign in behalf of suf¬ 
frage. These petitions urge immediate adoption 
of the federal suffrage amendment. Admirable 
as propaganda, the campaign is, politically, timid 
and badly aimed. The petitions gathered by the 
Post are directed to the Chairman of the Senate 
Woman Suffrage Committee, Senator Jones, of 
New Mexico, although it must be clear to the Post 
and to Colorado voters that Senator Jones can¬ 
not, and should not, force action on the suffrage 
amendment until there are enough votes pledged 
to pass it; that he cannot get these votes; that 
President Wilson can get them; and that the pe¬ 
titions demanding action should be directed to 
the President. Nevertheless the genuine anxiety 
of the Colorado Democrats for the prompt pas¬ 
sage of the amendment keeps the issue before the 
voters, and should be illuminating to national 
Democratic leaders. 

'"I" HE first Republican gathering to raise the 
J. national suffrage issue in this year was the 
Republican State Committee, which opened 
fire on April 30 in Denver, with the passage of 
the following resolution: “We urge the adop¬ 
tion, immediately, of the proposed amendment to 
the constitution of the United States extending 
the unqualified franchise to women." . . . 

Republican candidates for the United States 
Senatorship followed with an emphatic endorse¬ 
ment of national woman suffrage. Mr. Lawrence 
C. Phipps wrote the state chairman of the Wo¬ 
man’s Party, Mrs. Bertha C. Fowler, on July 10, 
“I am unqualifiedly in favor of the immediate 
passage by Congress of the Susan B. Anthony 
amendment and of its prompt adoption by the 

“In the event of my election to the United 
States Senate, and should this measure be still 
pending, I shall do all in my power to bring about 
its passage. However, it is my hope that the 
present opposition in Congress will be speedily 
overcome; and, in that event, whether elected or 

not, I shall use my influence to bring about its 
adoption in the states.” 

On July 19, Mr. Charles W. Waterman, who 
will contest the Republican nomination with Mr. 
Phipps, wrote for himself and his party, “We 
staunchly support the cause of national woman 
suffrage now. . . . This is directly in line,” said 
Mr. Waterman, “with the action of the national 
Republican committee last February, which fol¬ 
lowed the splendid support given by the Republi¬ 
cans January 10, when the suffrage amendment 
passed the House. At that time 87 per cent of 
the Republicans voted for the amendment, while 
the Democrats could only muster 50 per cent of 
their members. In the Senate, where the amend¬ 
ment is now pending, the Republicans are giving 
the same loyal support and are pushing for im¬ 
mediate passage. And again the Democrats, 
with only 50 per cent of their votes pledged, are 
blocking the amendment.” . . . 

Nine hundred delegates to the Denver county 
assembly of the Republican Party, meeting in 
Denver, July 13, passed a fighting resolution 
worth quoting: 

“Whereas, The National Republican Executive 
Committee and the State Republican Executive 
Committee have endorsed the Susan B. Anthony 
amendment, and 

“Whereas, three-fourths of the Republican 
United States Senators stand pledged and ready 
to vote for the amendment; 

“Therefore be it resolved, that we protest 
against the further obstruction of this measure 
by the Democratic Party and call upon the ad¬ 
ministration for the immediate submission of the 
question to the state legislatures for ratification. 

“Be it further resolved, that we work for the 
immediate ratification of the amendment by the 
Colorado State Legislature when it convenes in 

The Republican Party of El Paso County, as¬ 
sembled in convention two days before, on July 
11, did, as their platform reads, “solemnly resolve 
and declare”: “We condemn the action of those 
who are opposed to the Susan B. Anthony amend¬ 
ment to the constitution of the United States, 
under which the privilege enjoyed by the women 
of Colorado will be extended to all of the women 
ol the United States. We pledge our earnest ef¬ 
forts to bring about the passage of this amend¬ 
ment by Congress and its prompt ratification by 
the states.” . . . 

Finally, Republican delegates from the entire 
state, meeting on July 16, at Colorado Springs, to 
draw up a slate for the September primaries, sent 
a telegram to Senator Gallinger, of New Hamp¬ 
shire, Republican leader in the Senate, requesting 
him to do everything in his power to procure the 
passage of the pending suffrage amendment to 
the federal constitution. 

Mr. John F. Vivian, Republican State Chair¬ 
man, has recently promised to give women speak¬ 
ers the opportunity to put the Democratic record 
on suffrage before every precinct meeting. 

Senator Martin vs. the 
People of Virginia 

By Edward H. Walton, Editor. The Summer 
School News, University of Virginia 

FTER the adoption of forceful resolutions, 
passed at a mass meeting of the students 
and friends of the University of Virginia 
Summer School last Saturday night, Miss Lucy 
Branham, organizer of the National Woman’s 
Party, who was the speaker, and a delegation of 
suffragists, called upon Senator Martin, of Vir¬ 
ginia, at his home near Charlottesville, to present 
the resolutions, passed without a dissenting vote 
the evening before. 

The interview with the Senator will always 
stand out in the memory of the delegation. 

The suffragists went to the Senator’s home in 
an automobile. As it drew up to the mansion, he 
was sitting on the piazza. He came down the 
steps to the machine, and inquired courteously, 
“Whom have I the pleasure of meeting?” “Suf¬ 
fragists!” replied Miss Branham. “You have 
come to the wrong man,” said the Senator. F’rom 
what they had heard of him, the suffragists were 
afraid they had. A man who makes up his mind 
on a matter, and refuses to be changed, whether 
or not the people whom he represents in mass re¬ 
quest a reversal of his judgment, does seem to 
be “the wrong man.” 

But they got to the piazza, and the Senator 
brought out chairs. The women sat and the Sen¬ 
ator stood. . . . 

It had been hoped that the Senator would prove 
an exception and be of interest. But for the fact 
that he suggested that the President was meddling 
and he hoped “he would mind his own business, 
the Senator was not proving a howling success at 
being of greater interest than the charming view 
irom the piazza ot his Virginia home. But the 
resolutions were placed in hts hands—(he handled 
them as il they had been hot coals instead ot the 
burning enthusiasm ot the women he is pledged 
to represent in the Congress ot the United 
States)—and the delegation withdrew. 

ii the suttragists were asked to analyze that in¬ 
terview with the Senator, they would say that lie 
tried very hard not to appear impressed with the 
tact that V lrgima women were demanding a cer¬ 
tain thing ot him, which he knows ne is in office 
to grant, when the majority of his people demand 
it (though he did say r he would not grant it be¬ 
cause he knew it was not for their good. Isn t it 
fine the way the Senator puts himsell against the 
world in that way!) ; and they would say he be¬ 
gan then to realize for the first time that in the 
University of Virginia, which the Father of Amer¬ 
ican Democracy had founded, there has been born 
a spirit of determination which he admired and 
was forced to recognize. The Senator begins to 
see a new light. It is certainly an incentive to 
further work. Perhaps the Senator is capable of 
seeing reason. Such things have happened. 


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President Should Speed Up Suffrage 

P RESIDENT Wilson expressed his “earnest 
hope” that the suffrage amendment would 
pass—but he made no personal effort to have 
it passed. One anti-suffrage senator has said 
that the President’s acting in the matter would 
be “questionable in point of taste” and “unwar¬ 
ranted by law.” Neither taste nor law have en¬ 
tered into his action at such times as he has felt 
it necessary to appear before Congress and plead 
for other causes. The President has said that 
“the services of the women in this war have been 
of the most signal usefulness and distinction,” 
and that “the war and its sacrifices could not 
have been endured without them.” He has added 
that “it is high time that some of our debt of 
gratitude to them should be acknowledged and 
paid, and the only acknowledgment they ask is 
their admission to the suffrage.” If Mr. Wilson 
is as sincere a champion of democracy as his 
speeches would indicate, he will speed up this ad¬ 
mission to the suffrage.— Colorado Springs 
(Colo.) Gazette, July 3, 1918. 

Senate Delay a National Disgrace 

N OW that President Wilson has come out 
strongly and clearly for the passage of the 
federal woman suffrage amendment at this 
session of Congress, surely enough votes will be 
mustered to pass the measure. The fact that it 
has not been passed before approaches the rank 
of a national disgrace. To be fighting for democ¬ 
racy, and at the same time to refuse fundamental 
political equality to millions of our people—this 
was indeed disgraceful. . . . 

Well, we are at last approaching the goal. It 
is to be hoped that the measure will be rushed 
through now, and that we can get it hurried about 
through the various state legislatures, so that we 
can decently bury the fact that for so many de¬ 
cades we have denied women their fundamantal 
political rights.— San Jose (Calif.) News, June 
15, 1918. 

The Republican Convention in 
New York State 

■ HE Republican state conference in Saratoga 
Thursday and Friday of this week will be 
enlivened by the presence of a large delega¬ 
tion from the National Woman’s Party, the ob¬ 
ject being to place the conference on record as 

favoring the immediate passage of the federal 
suffrage amendment. 

The women hope to persuade the conference to 
instruct Senator Wadsworth to vote for the meas¬ 
ure. As he has been the leader of the opposition 
in the upper house, and as Mrs. Wadsworth is 
one of the most active anti-suffragists in the Sen¬ 
ate, the task to which the National Woman's 
Party has set itself might appear to the unin¬ 
structed impossible of achievement. 

The National Woman’s Party has tackled big¬ 
ger jobs than this one in the past and gone home 
with the goods. The party leaders, including 
Alice Paul, Lucy Burns, Mrs. O. H. P. Belmont, 
Mrs. John Winters Brannan, Mrs. Lawrence 
Lewis, of Philadelphia, and Miss Doris Stevens 
accomplished the seemingly impossible task of 
changing the whole aspect of woman suffrage 
from an evangel to a live political question. 

They recently induced two-thirds of the Rhode 
Island legislature to instruct Senator Gerry to 
vote for the suffrage amendment, and they went 
to Texas and did the same little chore with Sen¬ 
ator Culberson as a suffrage convert by official 

The drive on Saratoga and Senator Wadsworth 
is part of a whirlwind campaign of the woman’s 
Party to secure, during the Congress recess, the 
two votes necessary in the Senate to carry the 
federal suffrage amendment, and thus end a strug¬ 
gle for national woman suffrage which began 
soon after the civil war, and which has been ac¬ 
tively in politics since early in 1914.— Rheta 
Childe Door in the New York Mail, July 15. 

Equality of Citizens 

W HILE the Senate ponders the question of 
giving one-half of American citizenship 
the right to vote, some of the states are 
beginning to see the danger of permitting aliens 
to vote and are preparing to amend their consti¬ 
tutions so as to restrict the suffrage to citizens. 
It is one of the anomalies of this age that women 
are not yet permitted to vote, although they are 
citizens, while aliens, although possibly enemies, 
are permitted to vote in some of the states. 

In the one case one-half of the citizens of the 
United States are denied a right to share in the 
government. In the other case foreigners who 
may be deadly enemies of the Union are granted 
a voice in the government. Is that good sense at 
such a time as this?— Washington (D. C.) Post, 
July 10, 1918. 

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August 3, 1918 


Treasurer’s Report 

Treasurer: Miss Mary Gertrude Kendall 
Assistant Treasurer! Miss Maud Jamison 

Bank of Deposit: American Security and Trust Co. 
Washington, D. C. 

Auditors: Marwick, Mitchell Peat & Company 


List of Contributions from July 17 through 
July 25, 1918 

Contributions made to 
National Headquarters: 

Per Mrs. Kent’s Commit¬ 

tee : 

Miss Ruth Crocker- 

.$ 25.00 

Elizabeth T. Kent_ 


Miss Aline E. Solomons 


Mrs. Agnes Chase 


Colorado Branch 


Mrs. F. R. Hazard 


Miss Katherine D. Kim- 

ball . _ _ 


Mrs. Meredith Nicholson- 


Mr. A. B. Houghton__ 


Per Pennsylvania Branch: 

Mrs. H. S. Barnett _ 


Mrs. Perit Dulles_ 


Miss Harriet Dulles_ 


Miss Lavinia L. Dock_ 


Mrs. T. K. Creighton _ 


Miss Georgiana Sturges_ 


Miss Mabel Vernon .. 


Annapolis Branch of Just 

Government League: 

Through Mrs. E. P. Hill 


Membership Fees 


Total collected by Nation- 

al Headquarters_ 

398 25 

Previously acknowledged 

in The Suffragist— 


Total collected by Nation- 

al Headquarters through 

July 25, 1918 _ _ . 

Contributions made to 

Connecticut Branch: 

Mrs. Joseph Stiner 


Mrs. George G. Scott_ 


Mrs. Abram J. Rose_ 


Mr. J. A. H. Hopkins_ 


Mrs. J. A. EI. Hopkins_ 


Mrs. R. M. Laird 


Miss Mary Judson Averett 


Mrs. Morris H. Mead_ 


A Friend_ __ 


Sale of Paper 


Collections _ _ 


Contributions made to 

New Jersey Branch: 

Mrs. Charles Boughton 

Wood - _ . 


Mrs. George P. Chandler- 


Dr. Valeria Parker _ 


Mr. and Mrs. Edward P. 

Clarke _ _ 


Mrs. Bartlett B. Miner_ 


Mrs. C. M. Gallup 


Mrs. M. P. Gillette__ 


Mrs. Charles Jaynes- 


Mrs. W. B. Green 


Mrs. R. C. Northam _ 


Mrs. M. Toscan Bennett_ 


Mr. Thomas Malloy 


Mrs. Helena Hill Weed_ 


Mrs. W. D. Ascough 


Mrs. Lina Myerson- _ 


Luncheon Tickets, New 

England Conference_ 


Collection at New Eng- 

land Conference 


Mrs. F. T. Blish - _ _ 


Contributions made to Meet- 

ings Committee, Con- 

necticut Branch: 

Mrs. E. R. Hooker, 


Donation _ _ 


Bridgeport Collection 


Mr. William Murray 


New Haven Collection_ 


Donation _ ___ 


Sales, Collections, etc_ 


Miss Anna Mortimer 


Waterbury Collection 


Mrs. A. L. Mortimer 


Mrs. Katherine B. Day_ 


Miss Helena C. Williams- 


Miss Helen F. Coleman_ 


Miss Anna Van Fleet_ 


Mr. Johnson 


Miss Helen S. Porter_ 


Miss Margaret Donovan_ 


Miss A. S. McLennan_ 




Mrs. Annie G. Porritt_ 


Miss E. Rockwell 




Katherine B. Day 


Total collected by 

Branches _ - 


Previously acknowledged 

in The Suffragist 


Total collected by Branches 

through July 25, 1918 

- 65,439.72 

Grand Total- 

4-OS W ^ 


Transferred from Branch Head- 

quarters to National Headquar- 


3 ftV ‘rO 

Grand Net Total 


The Filibustering Minority 

AST week's debate makes it clearer than 
ever that the Senate will yield to nothing 
but force on the suffrage question. The or¬ 
ganized women and the President have already- 
applied enough pressure to create a two-thirds 
majority. But they will have to apply still more 
to flatten out the filibustering minority who are 
■ till holding it up in the name of the “fathers.’ 
New York Call, July 1, 1918. 


Cumulation Manager, Mias Thereat Olsandam 

Circulation Committee 

Arizona, Mrs. H. A. Schell 

Colorado, Mrs. Charlotte 

Connecticut, Mrs. Geo. L. 

District of Columbia, Miss 
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Delaware, Mrs. Florence 
Bayard Hilles 

Florida, Mrs. J. D. Aider- 

Georgia, Mrs. Newton Wing 

Idaho, Mrs. Nell K. Irion 

Illinois, Mrs. Josephine K. 

Indiana, Mrs. M. B. Spell¬ 

Iowa, Miss Blanche Rob¬ 


Louisiana, Mrs. Alice Cosu 

Maryland Miss Helen 


Massachusetts, Mrs. Eliza¬ 
beth J. Sherman 

Michigan, Mrs. James 

Whitt em ore 

Minnesota, Miss Nettie 


New Hampshire, Miss Pearl 

New Jersey, Mrs. Abram 

New Mexico, Mrs. Sarah 
Van Vleck 

New York, Miss Marion 

North Carolina, Mrs. Ttl'N. 

Ohio, Mrs. Carl Hasbrook 

Oklahoma, Mrs. Gasper Ed¬ 

Oregon, Mr9. Ida M. Kay- 

Pennsylvania, Mrs. John R. 

South Carolina, Miss Car¬ 
rie Pollitzer 

South Dakota, Miss Alice 

Virginia, Mrs. Percy Read 

Washington, Miss Furman 

Wisconsin, Mrs. Lee L. 

Wyoming, Mrs. Mary Van 
B. Jacobs 

JULY 24, 1918 

New Jersey Branch_ 6 

Miss Alice Henkle_ 2 

Mrs. F. B. Hilles_ l 

Miss V. M. McAlmon_ 1 

Miss M. H. Adams_ 1 

Mrs. Clara Vogt_ l 

Mrs. Blankarn_ 2 

Mrs. Edna Fullwood_ 5 

Mrs. E. Rhodes_ i 

Mrs. C. Smith_ 2 

Mrs. Eleanor B. Arrison_ 1 

Mrs. John R. Clarke_ 2 

Miss Margaret Whittemore_ 4 

Total _ 29 

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MEMBERSHIP. Open to all women who, regarding woman suffrage as the foremost political issue of the day, support it irrespective of the interests of any national political party. 
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Executive Committee 

Miss Alice Paul, N. J., Chairman 
Miss Mabel Vernon, Nev., Secretary 
Miss Mary Gertrude Fendall, Md., Treasurer 

Mrs. Abby Scott Baker, D. C. 
Mrs. O. H. P. Belmont, N. Y. 
Mrs. John W. Brannan, N. Y. 
Miss Lucy Burns, N. Y. 

Mrs. Gilson Gardner, D. C. 

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Mrs. W. D. Ascough 

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Mrs. Florence Bayard Hilles 
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District of Columbia 

Miss Sarah P. Grogan 
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Washington, D. C. 


Mrs. Kate Havens 
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R. F. D. No. 2, Miami 


Mrs. Beatrice Castleton 

312 Healy Building, Atlanta 


Mrs. S. E. Beggs 
Rathdum, Gulfport 


Miss Ella Abeel 
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National Committee 

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Condon Apts., Grand Ave. 

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Miss Edith Callahan 

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Mrs. A. R. Colvin 

Davern Avenue, St. Paul 


Mrs. N. D. Goodwin 

Mrs. T. F. English 

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Secretary, Miss Mary Ingham 
Rhode Island 

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113 Comstock Ave. 


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641 East 20th St., North 


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213 Penfield Bldg., Philadelphia 

South Carolina 

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R. F. D., Rotue 3 
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323 Sixth Avenue North 


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Hotel Utah, Salt Lake City 
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National AdviioryCouncil 

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N. Y. 

Mrs. Avery Coonley, Ill. 
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Dr. Maria M. Dean, Mont. 

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[rs. Victor du Pont, Delaware 
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[rs. Robert Patterson Finley 
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[rs. Emma Maddox Funck, Md. 

[rs. Susan Lawrence Gehrman, Ill. 
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[rs. Adolphus E. Graupner, Cal. 

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>r. Cora Smith King, Wash. 



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Mrs. Alexander Kohut, N. Y. 

Miss Fola La Follette, N. Y. 

Miss Gail Laughlin, Cal.^ 

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Mrs. Harry Lowenburg, Pa. 

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Secretary, Miss Marion May, N. Y. 

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Mrs. William B. Thompson, N. Y. 
Mrs. Shelley Tolhurst, Cal. 

Mrs. Samuel Untermeyer, N. Y. 
Mrs. Richard Wainwright, D. C. 
Mrs. Hattie D. M. Wallis, Col. 

Mrs. Thomas F. Walsh, D. C. 

Mrs. James Whittemore, Mich. 

Mrs. Harvey W. Wiley, D. C. 

Dr. Marion Walker Williams, Ariz. 
Miss Fannie Witherspoon, Miss. 
Mrs. S. B. M. Young, Mont. 

Mrs. Fanny Bloomfield Zeislar, Ill. 

Natieokl Departments 

Executive Secretary 

Miss Virginia Arnold 


Mrs. Lawrence Lewis 

Headquarters Maintenance Committee 
Mrs. William Kent 

Miss Lucy Branham 
Miss Iris Calderhead 
Miss Julia Emory 


Miss Grace Needham 


Miss Doris Stevens 

Miss Catherine M. Flanagan 
Miss Gladys Greiner 
Miss Alice Henkle 

Lobby Committee 

Mrs. Abby Scott Baker 
Mrs. Gilson Gardner 
Mrs. William Kent 
Miss Maude Younger 

National Organizers 

Miss Elsie Hill 

Miss Rebecca Hourwich 

Mrs. Charles F. Moller 


Mrs. Abby Scott Baker 


Mrs. Florence Brewer Boeckel 

Miss Clara Louise Rowe 
Mrs. E. St. Clair Thompson 
Miss Margaret Whittemore 

August 3, 1918 


Unexcelled Fl< 


Unusual Plants 

Unique Imported Vases 

Flower Shop 

1301 Connecticut Avenue 

The old way 

The new way 

A man should not do the work a machine 

will do for him 

A merchai it, with all his troubles, should never do the work that 
a machine does better and quicker. 

Our newest model National Cash Register makes the records 
which a merchant needs to control his business. It does fifteen 
necessary things in three seconds. 

Without the register a man cannot do these things in half an hour. 

With the register, even a new clerk can do them just by pressing 
the keys. 

Our new electric machines are as much better than old machines 
as an up-to-date harvester is ahead of a sickle for cutting grain. 

The latest model National Cash Register is a great help to mer¬ 
chants and clerks. 

It pays for itself out of what it saves. 

Merchants need National Cash Registers now more than ever before 


Dept. 19904 The National Cash Register Company, Dayton, Ohio. 

Please give me full particulars about the up-to-date N. C. R. System for my kind of business. 

Name_:_ ■ _:_ • - _:_ 



franklin Simon & do. 

A Store of Individual Shops 
Fifth Avenue, 37th and 38th Sts., New York 

Important Fur Sale 

Featuring Advance Winter Models 

These Special Prices 
Will Only Prevail From 
August 3rd to 31st Inclusive 

jT is distinctly advantageous 
to make early selections be¬ 
cause prices later will be very 
much higher. Featured are 
models that will be fashion¬ 
able during the Winter season. 
They are made of carefully 
selected, beautifully matched 


No. 65—of Natural Mink fur finished at bottom with 
tails and paws, large square collar trimmed with heads 
and tails, sleeves formed by clasping cuffs with mink 

heads, can also be worn loose as a full cape. 625.00 


No. 67—of real Scotch Mole fur, full square back form¬ 
ing points at sides, new blouse front with stole ends, 

deep pockets, large square collar. 325.00 

Prompt Delivery Free, Anywhere in the United States